Country Fact Sheet: Turkey
The Republic of Turkey is located in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia surrounded by the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Turkey is said to be the link between the Middle East and Europe. Turkey is slightly larger than Texas and covers an area of 780,580 sq. kilometers. The total population is 80.69 million and is growing at a rate of 1.16% with 71.5% living in urban areas. The capital of Ankara has a population of 3.9 million with other main cities including Istanbul (11.3 mil), Izmir (2.6 mil), Bursa (1.5 mil), and Adana (1.5 mil). The people are governed by a republican parliamentary democracy and are 99.8% Muslim (mostly Sunni). The official language is Turkish with the secondary language being Kurdish and the local currency is the Turkish Lira. Turkey is a member of the UN, NATO, an associate member of the European Community and holds a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2009-10 term. In 2005 it began talks about membership with the European Union.
Turkey’s economy has a balanced mix of modern industry, namely textiles and clothing, and traditional agriculture. Continued economic reforms and the possibility of EU membership make Turkey a promising country for foreign investment. Turkey’s main trade partners include Germany, Russia, UK, China, Italy, France, Spain, and the US. Its primary imports are machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, and transport equipment. Exports include apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, and transport equipment. Turkey’s GDP (Purchasing Power Parity) is $1.142 trillion and is growing at a real rate of 2.6% with an inflation rate of 8.9%. Turkey ranked 71 out of 185 countries in the World Bank Group’s Ease of Doing Business Ranking.
|Demographic Data||Economic Data||Cultural & Other Data|
|Area (sq. km.)||783,562||GDP (PPP, $tn)||1.142||Capital||Ankara|
|Population (million)||80.69||GDP Real Growth (%)||2.6||Other Large Cities||Istanbul|
|Population Growth (%)||1.16||PerCap GDP ($)||15,200||Primary Language||Turkish|
|Population Under 15yrs (%)||25.9||Prime Lending Rate (%)||19||Urbanization||71.5|
|Population below poverty line (%)||16.9||Inflation Rate%||8.9||Urban Growth||2.4|
|Agricultural Workers (% of population)||25.5||Unemployment%||9.2||Literacy (population %)||87.4|
|Industrial Workers (% of population)||26.2||Foreign Direct Investment ($bn)||152.9||Education spending % of GDP||2.9|
|Service Workers (% of population)||48.4||Debt-External ($bn)||336.9||CPI Score (1-100)*||49|
|Labor Force (mil)||27.34||Exports ($bn)||163.4||Corporate Income Tax %||20|
|Imports ($bn)||228.9||Ease of Doing Business Ranking **||71|
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* CPI Score is published by Transparency International and relates to the perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people and country analysts and ranges between 100 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).
**Ease of Doing Business Ranking is determined by the World Bank Group and is ranked out of a possible 185 countries. www.doingbusiness.org
Most recent statistics have been taken from the CIA World Factbook unless noted otherwise.
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