Country Profile: Bahrain  

Bahrain is an archipelago located in the Persian Gulf in the Middle East, occupying 760 sq. kilometers (about 3.5 times the size of Washington, D.C.)  It has a total population of 1.28 million, growing at a rate of 2.57%.  Its capital city is Manama, with a population of 163,000.  The people are governed by a constitutional monarchy, and the population is predominantly Muslim (81%).  The official language of Bahrain is Arabic, and the currency used is the Bahraini dinar. 

Bahrain’s economy is one of the most diversified economies in the region.  Although it relies heavily on its oil resources and petroleum refinement, which account for over 60% of Bahrain’s export receipts, it continues to expand other areas of its economy through the export of aluminum and the development of a natural gas industry to support both petroleum and aluminum production.  Its primary trade partners are Saudi Arabia, France, and the United States.  Bahrain is a center for Islamic banking, and is a host to many multinational firms and regional companies because of its developed transportation and communication infrastructure.  Bahrain’s GDP is $33.63 billion, with a growth fate of 3.9%, and its per capita GDP is $29,200.  In 2006, Bahrain and the United States signed a Free Trade Agreement, making Bahrain the first Gulf state to do so.  Unemployment, especially among younger citizens, continues to be an economic challenge for Bahrain, as is the growth of government debt stemming from large government projects, subsidies, and debt restructuring. Click here to search for Businesses Franchising Internationally  

Demographic Data   Economic Data    Cultural & Other Data   
Area (sq. km.)   760  GDP (PPP, $bn)   33.63  Capital   Manama 
Population (million)   1.281  GDP Real Growth (%)   3.9  Other Large Cities   NA 
Population Growth       (%)   2.57  PerCap GDP ($)   29,200  Primary Language   Arabic 
Population Under     15yrs (%)   20  Prime Lending               Rate (%)   6.3  Urbanization       (%)             88.7 
Population below poverty line (%)   NA  Inflation Rate%   2.8  Urban Growth   (%)        2.21 
Agricultural Workers    (% of population)   1  Unemployment%   15  Literacy  (population %)   94.6 
Industrial Workers     (% of population)   79  Foreign          Direct     Investment ($bn)   16.87  Education spending              % of GDP   2.9 
Service Workers        (% of population)   20  Debt-External ($bn)   27.12  CPI Score           (1-100)*   51 
Labor Force (mil)   705900  Exports ($bn)   21.4  Corporate Income Tax %   0 
      Imports ($bn)   15.17  Ease of Doing Business Ranking **   42 

Click on the following links for more information on franchising in Bahrain

Taking Your Brand to the Middle East 

 Building Goodwill and U.S. Brand Awareness in the Middle East 

Expanding Your Brand in the Middle East: A Fresh Perspective 

* CPI Score is published by Transparency International and relates to the perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people and country analysts and ranges between 100 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).  

**Ease of Doing Business Ranking is determined by the World Bank Group and is ranked out of a possible 185 countries.  

Most recent statistics have been taken from the CIA World Factbook unless noted otherwise. 


Click here to search for Businesses Franchising Internationally  

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